Brazil is a country that encompasses a wide range of both people and geographical regions. The total population of Brazil is over 199,321,000 according to the 2012 census. Säo Paulo houses over 11,244,369 people and is the seventh largest city in the world, making this city a popular tourist destination. The majority of Brazil’s population is present on the east coast. Urbanization has taken over Brazil and allowed for enough economic growth to make it the seventh largest economy in the world. A population shift from rural to urban has gradually designated Säo Paulo and Rio de Janeiro as the largest urban hubs. The center and south of Brazil has land and mobile telephone lines, while the north and northwest are lucky to have a landline. Due to urbanization, the need for communication has increased and has become one of the government’s top priorities to solve.
Driving in Brazil is known as the worst way of transportation for this country, and rightfully so. Although Brazil has the fourth largest highway system in the world, the number of roadways that are paved is below ten percent. Also, Brazil is known for the highest fatality rates during car travel. Railroad systems have been around since 1859 in the form or tramways and continue to be a great part of the transportation system. The Trem de Corcovado takes tourists to see spiritual sites and the Säu Paula Metro transports over 4 million passengers daily to three neighboring countries. Waterways in Brazil are not as important to transportation as other forms of transportation. The Amazon is known as the world most extensive river system in the world, but Brazil does not have adequate funding to support transportation on the water. There are over ten airports in Brazil, but two stand out as the biggest and the most populated. The airport in Säu Paulo has over 32 million passengers on a given day, but is known for its flight delays. Rio de Janeiro’s airport was formerly a Naval Aviation area, which has transformed into the biggest airport in all of Brazil. Luckily, growth is expected in all categories of transportation. Ports and shipping are a vital part of Brazil’s exportation of products. Ports are known for exporting more that ninety percent of the country’s products to surrounding countries including the United States.
There are multiple natural features that make up Brazil’s geography. Some of these include: Iguaçu, Amazon Rain Forest, Pantanal, and Bonito. All of these geographical regions are what make Brazil stand out as one of the most diverse areas in the world. Brazil has become a global player in the extractive oil industries because of its expansive 330,000 square kilometer area allowed for oil exploration. Over the past fifteen years, the amount of ores and metals that has been mined has increased by 11% and the amount of fuels has increased 9%. This indicates that the new exploration in mining activities is changing, but it is allowing for a bigger profit because mineral exports are often worth more.
The annual average temperature in Brazil can vary enormously from summer to winter giving multiple climates the ability to survive. Climates that are controlled by Equatorial and Tropical Air Masses include: Humid Equatorial, Tropical, Semi-arid Tropical and Humid Coastal. Humidity and precipitation are two factors that make it so easy for climates to have such variability within Brazil alone. Due to these differences, agriculture in Brazil is able to thrive. Products such as coffee, wheat, corn and cocoa are the most significant crops for production. Other products, such as soybeans and sugarcane, are most significant exports for the country. In result of the varying climates from the northern most point of Brazil to the southern most point, crops can be produced easier in some areas than others. Although crop production is important to Brazil, the forest and woodland makes up 67 % of the total land use.