By Brittney Mack, Daniel Boyer, Raven Daniels
Brexit is the term used to define the process of the United Kingdom (UK) leaving the European Union (EU) (Hunt). There are many reasons the UK wanted to leave the EU one of these being immigration control. This was the main reason for many pro Brexiters. Lately many countries are considering becoming “drawbridge up” because they believe they’re in an immigration crisis, the UK is also one of these countries. Another reason is the EU has high membership fees. Many of the UK residents feel like they pay too much taxes in order to contribute to the EU membership fees. The biggest contributing factor is the EU has too much control over the UK. The UK’s Members of Parliament (MP) aren’t allowed to propose or reject any legislation. The EU creates legislation and are also creating more regulations for trade that is hurting some businesses (Brexit). Reasons some UK residents who want to remain in the UK are: they fear they will not be able to live and work in countries in the EU, fear of the economy suffering, and fear of the rise of inflation. Because of the clearly split decision, a referendum was held on June 23, 2016. Leave won by 52% to 48% (Hunt). Scotland and Northern Ireland, in particularly were disappointed with the results. The minister of Scotland stated it is “undemocratic” and the minister of Ireland noted that Brexit will have a “very profound” effect on them (Hunt). The Brexit process will take at least 2 years to complete. This is because of Article 50 of the Libson Treaty, which states that both sides will have 2 years to negotiate agreements. Theresa May would like to begin the negotiations by March of 2017 (Hunt). These negotiation will determine is there will be a hard Brexit – completely separate from the EU – or a soft Brexit – still allow EU residents, businesses, and laborers. After the negotiations, there needs to be a ratification by the European Parliament and 27 countries have to agree on the negotiations. It could take up to 6 years for the UK to leave the EU if there is a second referendum, negotiations aren’t agreed upon, and other random variables take effect.
The mechanisms that fostered Brexit can be dated back to WWII, before the UK was part of the European Union. Before WWII Britain was positively affected by the industrial revolution and had a strong economy (Brexit). However, after WWII, Britain was left with a hurt economy even though they had won the war. Meanwhile, in Germany who lost the war, was slowly rebuilding their economy (Brexit). The UK had observed that Germany had rebuilt faster by joining the Europe’s Common Market. So the UK decided to join themselves. Even with the help of the Common Market the UK didn’t fully agree with Europe’s ideas. In 1975 the UK had a referendum to leave Europe’s Common Market but decided to remain and even join the EU when it formed (Foster). But, now the issue has arose again with the UK voting to leave this time. The issue is definitely a motivator or economic globalization. Especially with the UK trying to take notes from Switzerland, who isn’t in the EU. They way Europe should address this issue is with a Two-Tier approach. This approach would have Europe move past the issue of Europe (Gilbert). Also the UK is looking to Switzerland to coach them on how to trade without the EU.
Brexit The Movie Full Film. Youtube.com. N.p., 12 May 2016. Web. 03 Dec. 2016.
Hunt, Alex, and Brian Wheeler. “Brexit: All You Need to Know about the UK Leaving the EU.” BBC News. BBC, 10 Nov. 2016. Web. 22 Nov. 2016. <http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-politics-32810887>.
Foster, Alice. “Brexit in the Making: Timeline of the Road to the EU Referendum.” Express.co.uk. Express Newspaper, 22 June 2016. Web. 03 Dec. 2016. <http://www.express.co.uk/news/politics/682341/Brexit-in-making-EU-referendum-2016-timeline-road-to-vote-campaign-Britain-leave-EU>.
Gilbert, Mark. “Europe Needs a Two-Tier Solution to Move Past Brexit.” Bloomberg.com. Bloomberg, 12 Aug. 2016. Web. 03 Dec. 2016. <https://www.bloomberg.com/view/articles/2016-08-12/europe-needs-a-two-tier-solution-to-move-past-brexit>.
Mertens, Rick. “The Is What European Countries Think about Brexit.” World Economic Forum. World Economic Forum, 05 Aug. 2016. Web. 29 Nov. 2016. <https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2016/08/this-is-what-european-countries-think-about-brexit>.