Written by Joshua Lindamood, Madalyn Little, Megan Findley, Rose Sampley, and Tyler Hopkins
The Czech Republic uses multiple modes of transportation from planes and trains to cars and boats. Outside of the larger cities, the main mode of transportation is personally owned vehicles. While many people drive cars within the larger cities as well, most choose more affordable and accessible means of travel: the metro and tram systems. Prague has developed their tram system, which runs through the entire city, into an environmentally-friendly and easy, affordable way for Czech people to travel (“Transport”).
Prague’s metro system is similar to New York’s subway system. The metro is an underground train that travels further distances between stops than the trams above ground. The metro, however, is much simpler than New York’s subways. In Prague, there are only three metro lines, stopping at all major points in the city. The metro lines intersect with one another so you can easily shift from line to line without ever going above ground (“Transport”).
A fourth popular mean of transportation is the bus system. These are different from the trams in that they are not confined to steel tracks and they travel greater distances. Most people use the bus system to move from inside major cities to outer areas. Other means of transportation include boats and planes. The Vaclav Havel Airport in Prague is the Czech Republic’s international airport and serves as a major transit point in Europe (however, most citizens are not traveling daily by plane). As for boats, businesses take advantage of the Czech Republic’s major rivers (like the Vltava), which run through major cities in the country, to ship cargo (‘Transport”). While perhaps slow, it is an easily accessible way to ship products larger distances without running into tolls or traffic. If you look at the Vltava on an average day, however, most boats are stationary with open bars for thirsty tourists.
The geography of the Czech Republic varies greatly from area to area. Bohemia, which is in the western part of Czech Republic, consists of rolling plains, hills, and plateaus surrounded by low mountains. Moravia, which is located in the east, consists of very hilly country and Silesia, the northeastern portion of the country, is relatively flat (“Geography”). Wheat, sugar beets, barley, rye, oats, and potatoes are the most important crops produced in the Czech Republic. However, pigs, sheep, cattle, and poultry are the dominant livestock grown in the area. Other crops, like high-quality hops are used by the country’s breweries to produce beer by breweries in Bohemia. Moravia, especially the southernmost regions, is the grape-growing center of the Czech Republic’s wine industry (Hauner). Maize, sugar beets, and cereal crops require hot/dry climates with very fertile soils that range up to 350 meters above sea level. Maize accounts for 7% of the agriculture produced in the Czech Republic, while the sugar beets account for 24%, and cereal crops 41%. In contrast, potato and grass crops require slightly warm to cool, damp climates and survive in elevations 400 meters above sea level and higher. Potato and grass crops can grow in less fertile soil and may require less preparation of the ground. Potato crops account for 18% of overall agriculture and grass crops, which go to feed cattle, account for the remaining 10% (Královec).
As of July 2015, Czech Republic’s total population is resting at 10, 644, 842 people (“The Word Factbook”). This amount of people in the Czech Republic is ranked as the 85th most populated country compared to all other 238 countries. 0-14 year olds make up 15% of the population’s age structure, 15-24 year olds make up 10.23% of the population’s age structure, 25-54 year old’s make up 43.7% of the population’s age structure, 55-64 year olds make up 13.6% of the population’s age structure and 65 years and over make up 18% of the Czech Republic’s population age structure (“The World Factbook”). Also established in 2015, Czech Republic has a 0.16% growth rate, an average annual birth rate of 9.63 births per 1,000 people and a death rate of 10.34 deaths per 1,000 people. 73% of the total population in the Czech Republic live in urban areas. Life expectancy from birth for the total population of Czech Republic is 78.48 years. Males generally live up to the age of 76 years old, while females generally live up to the age of 82 years old (“The World Factbook”). The most populated city in the Czech Republic is the capital of the country, Prague. This city is where the majority of the population is located in the Czech Republic with 1, 165, 581 people currently living there.
When it comes to communications, the Czech Republic stands with the majority of modernized countries. The modernization and denationalization of the country’s telecommunications system began later than much of the world, but it is continually progressing. Although only 18 people per 100 inhabitants subscribe to fixed telephone lines, 131 people per 100 inhabitants use mobile phones. Virtually all communications are now digital, as existing copper systems have been improved with equipment that allows internet and other digital signals to go through. Other systems, including fiber-optic cable and microwave radio relay, have also been added in order to advance telecommunications in the country (“Czech”). The U.S. does not differ very much from the Czech Republic along the lines of subscribers to telephones or mobile phones—only 41 people per 100 inhabitants subscribe to fixed lines and 100 people per 100 inhabitants subscribe to mobile phone lines. However, the U.S. has a larger and more advanced system for carrying digital communications (“United”).
Internet usage and TV broadcasting is an aspect of communications in which the Czech Republic and the United States differ greatly. Although the Czech Republic is close to the U.S. in internet usage—77.5% of the Czech population versus 86.8% of the U.S. population, respectively—the U.S. boasts many more internet hosts. The Czech Republic contains just over four million, whereas the U.S. contains 505 million. Similarly, the Czech Republic has only 71 TV broadcast stations (and only 16 of those with national coverage), while the United States has over 2,000 TV broadcast stations—most with national coverage (“Czech”, “United”).
The Czech Republic has a temperate continental climate which differs depending on where in the country one is located. Typically, since the Czech Republic is a temperate climate, the country often experiences crisp, chilly autumns and cold, snowy winters, followed by slightly warmer springs and, finally, much warmer and also wet summers. This yearly climate tradition is similar to what we experience here in the upper South of the United States. Usually, the autumn months of September, October and November experience cooler weather that averages around 10 degrees Celsius. As the leaves begin to change and fall to the ground and towards the end of autumn, the country feels light frosts. The months that make up winter, December, January and February, are the coldest months of the year. During these months the Czech Republic will maintain around an average temperature of below 0 degrees Celsius with lots of snowfall or “slush”. The springtime months of March, April and May tend to rise slightly in temperature, but remain on the colder side until the end of the season. Typically, the mountains are still experiencing winter-like temperatures until about mid-spring. And lastly, the months of June, July and August which make up the summer months. These months are much warmer and for the first half of summer, see much more rainfall than that of the rest of the year. The temperature during these summer months averages out to around 30 degrees Celsius, which is pretty hot, except in the mountains, which are still experiencing cool temperatures averaging around 10 degrees Celsius. (“Climate”)
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