by Funa Yamagishi
Nowadays, due to the developments in transportation, people can move anywhere they want to go. However, the mass movement of people causes problems. One of them is that many immigrants are coming into Europe, especially England, France, Spain and Germany via the countries facing the sea, like Italy and Greece. Due to the overwhelming inflow of immigrants, European countries have experienced an increase in the unemployment rate, cultural frictions, and protests against immigration taxes.
Why do they come into Europe instead of China , Russia and other developed countries? Immigrates escape from disputes and regional persecutions or have economic difficulties in their own countries. In the Middle East and North Africa, social disorders have resulted from the Arab Spring. On the other hand, many countries in Europe had a shortage of labor. To nullify the problem, they made policies to began accepting more immigrants. Recently, Germany passed a naturalization policy in which the Germany government provides education on language, culture, law and values. If immigrants pass a test, they can obtain German nationality. That is why people in the Middle East or North Africa leave for Europe. Almost all from South Europe went back to their countries. However, the immigrants from Turkey and North Africa did not go back. They invited their families to join them, and, as a result, more immigrants came to Europe.
Thus, European countries are dealing with a higher immigration rate than they had previously expected. They needed immigrants for their labor force, and now look at them as obstacles. On the other hand, many immigrants need food, shelter and clothing. Therefore, European countries cannot ignore this problem. So, what should they do next? In my opinion, why doesn’t EU disperse immigrants to each of the European countries? In short, each country has a limit on the number of immigrants depending on their economic conditions. That will make the process of immigration clearer and smoother.
The flow of people can lead to other problems because the countries are strongly connected with each other by continuing developments in transportation networks, IT and so on. This problem also involves other issues, like domestic education problems, the human rights question, and religious friction. A major issue that could potentially occur is that native Europeans will become the minority, and the immigrants will become the majority. Therefore, it is difficult to solve the immigration problem, even in just one country. But, it is very important to seek the solutions of these problems one by one.