The Republic of China’s legal system is very similar to the United States’ legal system. The courts for common and civil law are laid out in the same structure as the United States’ structure as well. Both of our systems have a Supreme Court that reside over all of the legal issues. Taiwan then has a High Courts system that would be equivalent to our State Supreme Courts or our State Courts. Then finally, the Taiwan courts have a District court that would be equivalent to our county or district courts. Taiwan does have specialized courts which are different from ours. Taiwan’s specialized courts are juvenile courts and intellectual property courts. Taiwan’s legal system is very simplistic so that there is no confusion for its people. – Brad Varner
Similar to the United States, Taiwan has a political system that is considered a democracy. However, Taiwan has a multiparty democracy instead of a two party democracy. This means that there are more than two parties that control the government and the elected officials. The main parties that participate in the government are Democratic Progressive Party, Kuomintang (Nationalist Party), New Power Party, Non-Partisan Solidarity Union, People First Party, and Taiwan Solidarity Union. Each of these parties has power in the government similar to how the Republicans and Democrats have power in the United States government. In addition, Taiwan also has a president and vice president like the United States, but unlike the United States, the president and vice president are elected separately. Both serve four-year terms and can be re-elected for additional terms.
Taiwan’s government is split up into three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial, which are the three branches that the United States’ government is also separated into. The people of Taiwan not only vote for the president and vice president, but they also vote for those who serve in the legislature also known as Legislative Yuan. In the judicial branch, the president of Taiwan appoints the judges like the president of the United States does for the judicial branch of the US government. The Supreme Court judges are appointed for life and the Constitutional Court judges serve eight-year terms with re-election every four years. However, in the United States, the judges in the judicial branch do not have terms when appointed to the court. – Caitlin Shearer
Taiwan’s economy functions very similarly to the US’s and because of that it appears that Taiwan as well as the United States share a mostly similar economic structure. When speaking on broader terms, one could say that the two were identical, however Taiwan faces some concerns and challenges that US simply doesn’t in this day and age. Despite the economic dynamism that sets Taiwan apart from the rest of its Asian neighbors, Taiwan currently faces a country-wide debate on the issue of labor freedom, amongst other debates of allocation of public finance. Even with these problems, however, one might find that it would be economically easy to move a company from the US to Taiwan, only briefly having to deal with the expansive trade deals with China. These trade deals do not regulate companies from countries other than Taiwan, though it should be noted that these trade deals are often the only way the Taiwanese government can support its people. Taiwan also boasts membership in the WTO, fourteen years to be exact, and one can reflect on the economic growth of the country and take note that the economy has strengthened and grown over the past decade; Arguably the opposite of the United States.. All of these signs, along with a stable political reputation with the United States, point towards a very profitable move. – Joshua Junnier
When comparing individualism between the United States and Taiwan it is clear to see a difference. According to Hofstede and their studies on global relationships and changes Taiwan was ranked at 17 for individualism while the United States was at a 91. A score of 17 would mean Taiwan is a collectivist society. It was stated that loyalty is paramount and overrides most other societal rules and regulations. It must also be noted that in collectivist countries any offence or wrong doings lead to shame and loss of face because each member of societies feels responsible for the other. It was stated “Employer/employee relationships are perceived in moral terms (like a family link), hiring and promotion take account of the employee’s in-group. Management is the management of groups.”
While some may claim that China is a totalitarian country it can be said that Taiwan is not. Taiwan has Executive, Legislative and Judiciary branches just like the United States does with one major difference; instead of three branches they have five. They are labeled as a “multiparty democratic regime headed by popularly-elected president and unicameral legislature.” They elect a President who will appoint a Premier. With this style of government and them having five branches all citizens have a way to vote or have, even if a very small one, an opinion in matters of government decisions. – Scarlett Fox
In the business world, despite the difference in culture and location of corporations, Business ethics is applied to all businesses, corporations, and even family owned shops. When corporations follow these conducts, respect and popularity are brought upon to their individual business, however, there are business that do not follow these ethics because of corruption and bribery that pull the strings in developing countries such as Taiwan. Although Taiwan is a small island the remains in the shadows of the Republic of China, Taiwan contains its own business corruption protection acts just as the U.S. Although Taiwan is much smaller than its surrounding countries, in 2014, Taiwan was ranked 35 of 175 in the (WTIC) World Transparency International Corruption index. Corruption in Taiwan is mainly based on individual responsibilities rather than the business as a whole. If a company is believed to be accepting bribes and corruption, the company would not be held liable, however only the chairpersons, directors, or any other person that partook in the bribery would be held liable (Anti-corruption laws:Taiwan). Because Taiwan is a multiparty democratic regime, bribery is commonly found amount politics more often than that of the business world. Compared to the U.S, bribery is more common in business than that of politics. Even though Taiwan and the U.S differ tremendously in size, corruption and ethical conducts broken is most commonly found from local businesses from both cultures. – Zeke Koko
The arrival of the knowledge-based economy era, aided by the application of the Internet, e-commerce and IT, has provided the corporations in Taiwan with a new operating model and has enhanced the speed and efficiency of business operations. Since January 2002, when Taiwan joined the WTO, the economic environment has become more liberalized, making Taiwan a part of the global industrialized system. The government has disclosed its intention to build Taiwan into a Green Silicon Island, thus revealing its vision for national development in the new century. It has also continued to promote its Global Logistic Development Plan, Knowledge-based Economic Development Proposal, Plan to Stimulate Conventional Industries, its Concrete Action Plan for the Implementation of Resolutions reached at the National Economic Development Conference and its Challenge for 2008: Focal Plan for National Development. The economic development in 2012 emphasizes knowledge-intensive innovation. Economic development today involves far more than just traditional manufacturing industry; the key drivers of growth for Taiwan in the future will be the innovation economy and environmental protection-related demand. The last few years have seen a pronounced trend towards the formation of multilateral and bilateral free trade agreements (FTAs) and comprehensive economic partnership agreements (CEPAs) within the Asia region. Taiwan cannot afford to isolate itself from this trend. The fifth “Chiang-Chen Meeting” saw the signing of the Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement (ECFA), marking the beginnings of a mechanism for free trade between Taiwan and China. On September 22, 2011 Taiwan signed a Bilateral Investment Agreement (BIA) with Japan, covering the three key areas of investment promotion, investment protection and investment liberalization. Also, the Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership Agreement (TPP) was a major focus of discussion at the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) can help Taiwan to gradually secure fuller participation in the process of regional economic integration in East Asia. – Donghui