The culture of South Africa can be split up into 6 separate parts that help to show differences in interactions someone may have on a daily basis within a country. These scores can be seen thanks to the data from the Hofstede Centre.
The power distance score in South Africa is a low 49 which means that you can expect people to accept the hierarchy structure that is in place and that they don’t need people to question this. The individualistic score for South Africa at 65 can help you to conclude that people are supposed to act more independently of one another to take care of themselves. South Africa has a high masculinity score was very high at 63, suggesting that people take charge in situations versus looking for others to do it for them. South Africa’s low uncertainty score at 49 can help some to see that they do not like to live with doubts and are going to want to know everything. The pragmatic score at 39 helps to show that the people of South Africa aren’t going to be ones for saving money but rather living in the moment. The indulgence score for South Africa goes hand and hand with their Pragmatic score. South Africa’s high score of 63 in pragmatisms says that the people of South Africa are willing to spend their money on recreational things.
Due to that South Africa is a country that use to be a colony; there is a huge diversity of art. The country’s art history started already 4 000 years ago when the San people made outstanding rock art that was a reflection over their peoples life and beliefs. During the 19th century colonial era, only white people were accepted as professional artists. These artists traveled a lot around the country to get inspiration from the fauna, people and landscape. In the end of the century much focus went on the locally rooted art such as national identity. The 20th century was the time when techniques and sensibilities of postimpressionism and expressionism started to bloom out. Native artists were bigger part of the century not accepted as professionals. Formalism of African style had a big impact on the art that was created during the 1950’s in South Africa. In the end of the 20th century Native South Africans finally got the privilege of being accepted as professional artists. Native South African Gerard Sekoto (1913-1993) was one of these artists. His art was mainly focused on political sensibility. During the 1980’s-1990’s lots of the South African artwork was focused on criticism and the past. On of the topics was Apartheid that use to be a system of racial segregation in South Africa. For a long-time, South African people has been known for being a colorful people. Especially the Ndebele tribe have lots of elaborate beadwork arts that has a lot of color and geometric form. Today South Africa has a big diversity of art from both white and native South Africans.
South Africa’s clothing has been influenced by countless other sources. American clothes can be bought and sold in different parts of South Africa. American styles are seen most in the children clothing styles. Children wear uniforms to school. The children wear bright colored clothes that are made from breathable fabric. The adult casual styles are similar to those of Americans with a few exceptions. Madiba shirts are very popular among the men. They are batik shirts, which are made from a type of silk and are usually bright colored with various patterns, and have been nicknamed Madiba after Nelson Mandela’s clan. This type of shirt received its nickname because Nelson Mandela wore them often. Women’s formal wear is usually made with patterned fabric with a solid colored accent piece. Some of the most popular formal styles for women are mermaid dresses, peasant style dresses, one shoulder dresses, and layered dresses. The styles of the dresses are similar to those of the U.S. with the exception of the patterns. Men usually wear long tops with bold patterns in various colors. Black, white, tan and brown are some common colors found on these tops. Their pants are usually loose fitting and hit right at the ankle. Suits, like those similar to America’s, are worn in South Africa but are usually found among the upper class. Seeing as there are many tribes in South Africa, tribe wear is extremely common. In some tribes, the women bare their chest while other tribes have small tops that barely cover the breast. The men usually have some type of cloth over their genitalia and women have a skirt or cloth over their genitalia. Most of the members of the tribe wear jewelry and/or head pieces that represent social standing and more.
The breakdown of religion in South Africa is Protestant 36.6%, Zionist
Christian 11.1%, Pentecostal/Charismatic 8.2%, Methodist 6.8%, Dutch
Reformed 6.7%, Anglican 3.8%, Catholic 7.1%, Muslim 1.5%, other Christian
36%, other 2.3%, unspecified 1.4%, none 15.1%. Traditional African beliefs
hold less than 5% of population. Because the government has freedom of
religion laws, the country is known as the “rainbow” nation because of
variety in people, culture, and religion. In fact, the people of South
Africa are encouraged to learn and respect different spiritual practices.
There has never been a state religion in South Africa. Many religions
brought into South Africa were brought from there North and West ancestors.
The largest group of Christian churches are African Independent Churches.
Unlike in the United States, foods in South Africa are seldom packaged for convenience. Bread is rarely pre-sliced and preservatives are not widely used. Also, National laws determine store hours, particularly for meat sellers, who often open as early as 5:30 A.M. and close as early as 1 P.M. Therefore, for those who can afford it, a servant may be hired to help prepare meals and travel to the stores at early hours.
Breakfast usually consists of putupap which is very similar to what American’s know as grits. Tea and Coffee are the main breakfast beverages. Lunch may be a simple meal, such as a sandwich or soup. A common dinner in South Africa that is comparable to the US, is what they call frikkadels. These are like mini burgers, but in SA, they are often served wrapped in cabbage leaves instead of buns. Common beverages for lunch and dinner are wine, water, and their equivalent to beer, Mechow.
Students returning from school may enjoy a fruit drink, similar to a smoothie, as a between-meal snack. Fresh fruits such as pineapples are often the basis for these refreshing beverages. Biltong combined with dried fruit is also often a snack.
One of the most common foods that are a staple for celebrations is green bean salad. This food is almost always found at celebrations such as Christmas and Easter. It is simply green beans accented with salty, slightly bitter, tangy, slices of stuffed olives.
Song and Dance:
Dancing is a huge part of the South African culture. It is part of many of the traditions that the people have. The traditional dance that has been danced at weddings for centuries, for example, is still widely common.